CHITWAN NATIONAL PARK – Chitwan Sal (Shorea robusta), dominant floral species of the park, covers almost 70% of the area. There are also grasslands and riverine forests presenting a changing mosaic of landscape. Sissoo, khair and simal are the prominent species of riverine forests. However the grasslands has over 50 species. Renowned for tigers, one-horned rhinoceros, crocodiles, and other common wild animals, Chitwan is a heaven for wildlife enthusiasts. Sighting of rhinoceros is almost guaranteed. Other mammals in the park include endangered species like wild elephant, gaur, striped hyena, four-horned antelope, monitor lizard, pangolin, Gangetic dolphin, python, leopard, sambhar,barking deer, chital, sloth deer, hog deer, wild dog, palm civet, langur and rhesus monkeys. The park also has over 450 species of birds, including the endangered ones like like the Bengal florican, lesser florican, giant hornbill, black stork, and white stork. Migratory birds like Siberian cranes and ducks make the water bodies in the park their homes in winter. The park also has over 45 species of amphibians and reptiles including green pit viper, marsh mugger crocodile, cobra, and many species of tortoises and frogs. ELEPHANT RIDE – Elephant riding, a major activity in the park, offer a chance to sight an animal from a close distance. BOAT RIDE – A boat ride on the the waterbodies of Chitwan presents an opportunity to discover the diverse wildlife of the place. Floating down the river on a canoe is popular among tourists. Pedalling down the fast-flowing Geruwa and Karnali Rivers is another exciting option.